Difference between Capital Expenditure and Revenue Expenditure

corporate accounting for small businesses

Within corporate accounting for small businesses, expenditure and income are part of everyday activity. But, do you know that business expenses are categorised differently.

In any business accounting and finance, four things occupy major attention that is mentioned as follows:

Capital: The sum that goes into the business as owner’s investment, the interest of which is paid regularly thereof! 

Revenue: The total earnings of a business as a result of total sales

Income: The total money made as a result of trading in other activities apart from the sale of the goods

Expenses: All the resources put to work as an input to generate output in monetary terms

From here comes expenses. Typically spending on furniture repair and spending on manufacturing are classified differently in small business accounting services. Let’s look at Capital expenditure and revenue expenditure precisely:

What is Capital Expenditure?

Capital expenditure within business accounting terms is the expense used to acquire, repair, and upgrade long-term assets in a firm. The assets mentioned include Plants, Property, and machines collectively called PP&E. These refer to machinery, infrastructure, and workstations, that offer long-term service to the business. Anything offering productivity for more than one accounting year is taken as long-term within the business premises.

When a business invests on a big scale to acquire resources like plants and machinery, the production accelerates through them for an extended period. Such kinds of expenditures are called capital expenditures.


Spending on acquiring long-term assets

Spending on repairing of a long-term asset (old machinery)

Buying office equipment

What is Revenue Expenditure?

The routine expenses within a business that aren’t high on value terms and spent to maintain the day-to-day activity inside a company is called revenue expenses. 

Quite contradictory to its name, revenue expenditures do not contribute to increased revenue but rather help maintain it. The expenses do the job only for the particular accounting year and require another investment for another accounting year. These are recurring expenses that should be made again and again.

Revenue expenses are of two types:

Direct Expenses: The cost of using raw materials to convert them into final goods

Indirect Expenses: Costs related to selling and distributing goods irrelated to manufacturing.


Buying raw materials

Renovating office building

Paying electricity and lighting bill

With a detailed classification of both kinds, it would be easy for you to interpret the difference between them and reach a level of understanding.

FinBridge is your business bookkeeping service provider alongside other services like payroll accounting, tax compliance, and others. We are a team of expert accountants, bookkeepers, payroll accountants, tax and accounting service providers working to bring functionality to your business. Our work has proven quality and accuracy, coming from a team where knowledge in finance thrives at its best.  

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *